The encyclopedia of the tourist
Onion Glade (Lukovaya Polyana) (3800
m). The last vegetation before the stone moraines of the mountainside
of the Lenin peak. It is a green oasis, with two sides surrounded by cliffs.
Once there was a powerful glacier between these cliffs, but over the years
it rose much higher. The most real, wild green onions grow on the Onion
Glade. In the midst of Pamir summer (2-3 weeks in July), the field surface
resembles a bright and colorful floral carpet. The road lies right up to
the Onion Glade, where border checks take place systematically. Previously,
the base camps of climbers were located at the Onion Glade before the Lenin
peak, but now, in order to keep the nature of the field, they have been moved.
Hence, one can see the gorge from here - the exit onto the pass of Travellers
towards Lenin glacier. From the Onion Glade to the Achik-Tash base camp
is around 4-6 hours on foot. Top
A small village about 30 km West of Karakol. The Historical
Museum of Jeti-Oguz is here, started in 1990 to record the
local history from a distinctly Kyrgyz viewpoint.
It was the birthplace of Telekmat
Sartikiev (1799-1863) who served as ambassador to China,
Russia and the Kokand Khanate. The first Kyrgyz ambassador
to Russia was dispatched to Ekaterinburg as early as 1787, and
others followed in 1814/15 and 1824/25. Trade relationships
with their neighbours having been a source of conflict throught
the previous century. Apparently, the village housed Japanese prisoners
of war in World War. Top
Ormon-Khan (1791-1854) - a manap, son
of sarybagysh manap, Niyazbek uulu. Upon reaching the championship of
the feudal nobility, Ormon attempted to acquire power over the northern
kyrgyz tribes, calling all to unite. In 1842, he created kurultai, where
representatives of the tribes of sarybagysh took part - Solto, Sayak,
Kushchu, Cherik etc. At this kurultai, Ormon was proclaimed to be Khan.
He has established his own symbol of authority and passed a law popularly
known under the name - "Ormon okuu", ("The teachings of Ormon"), a set
of legislative decrees. Khan Ormon took steps to strengthen the foundations
of the government, that is, he created a military structure, and also
appointed advisers for the implementation of judicial functions. Khan Ormon
actually made a single state entity. "The teachings of Ormon" provided
normative character to traditions and rules, which have developed over
the centuries in the life of the people. The power of Khan Ormon among
other tribes was based on the governors - the authoritative manaps. The
situation of Boucard (citizens) in Khan Ormon power was particularly disenfranchised.
Even big bais were not in control of their cattle. " "Against this background,
- says academician Bernstam - it can be justified, and not to be censured
of centralized tendencies of Khan Ormon, where his attempts to unite the
Kyrgyz tribes, regardless of the obstacles, undeterred by the means, as
it repeated in a miniature of the age of Ivan the Terrible in Russia." He
proved himself as a gifted military strategist in the fight against the
forces of the Kazakh leader, Kenensary Kasimov, defeating him in the Chui
Since the early 50's, the relationship between Khan Ormon and
bugintsy people began to deteriorate, with the Russian troops approaching
Issyk-Kul, more and more people began to disobey Khan Ormon. In the
song "On Wars of sarybagysh and bugu", the main cause of war is stated
to be the determination of Khan Ormon to confiscate the land from bugintsy
people around the Issyk-Kul lake, if they do not recognize his authority.
In the summer of 1853 Khan Ormon gathered a large force and suddenly approached
bugintsy people. The fight occurred in the area of Kuturgu on the northern
coast of the lake. The battle was lost, Khan Ormon was taken prisoner.
After a while, with the tacit consent of Borombai, bugintsy leader, was
killed by batyr Balbai. The legend relates that Khan Ormon once held Balbai
prisoner in order to kill him. But he let him go due to the requests of
bugintsy people and his elders. Top
Ornok, petroglyphs. It is a unique
place, one of the richest places where petroglyphs are found in the
Issyk-Kul region and Kyrgyzstan. In the area of 6 square kilometers
there are more than 2000 stones with different images located there.
There are other architectural objects found with the petroglyphs, they
include mounds, fragments of buildings and fences. Petroglyphs of Ornok
were composed by the tribes of the Bronze Age, Early Iron Age and early
medieval period, they are unmatched in the Pre-Issyk-Kul region on their
technique. They are comparable with petroglyphs of Saimaluu-Tash, but
they are more available to visit and therefore are of great importance
as a tourist destination. The archaeological complex "Ornok" includes
a burial of Tash-Koroo Ornok. The cemetery consists of several groups
of mounds. Top
Orozbakov Sagymbai (1867-1930). He was a famous
narrator of the epic Manas. Since childhood, he listened to almost all manaschy
of his contemporaries and learned the skill from them. He started to perform
Manas at the age of 15-16. Since then, the performance of Manas has become
his life's work. For nearly 40 years, Sagymbai toured villages and performed
epic story, polished his skills and raised his artistic level. His popularity
was due to the fact that he had a very sonorous voice. The version, performed
by Sagymbai Orozbakov, had 250,000 lines and is the most comprehensive and
vivid in the artistic sense. Top
Orozbekov (Urazbekov) Abdukadyr (1889-1938).
Born in 1889 in the village of Ohkna in Kyzyl-Kiy district in a poor family
of a farmworker ("chairiker"). He was Kyrgyz. In 1912, A. Orozbekov moved
to Kokand and worked until 1915 as a baker, then in the city of Andijan,
he continued to work as a foreman in the Turkish-Greek bakery. He was a
member of the RCP (b) since 1918. He was a fervent member of anti Basmachis
in the Fergana Valley. Since 1920 he has worked in various management positions.
In 1927, in the first all-Kyrgyz Congress of Soviets, A.Orozbekov, was elected
to be a chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Kyrgyz ASSR.
At this high post, he worked for ten years. In 1937, Orozbekov was expelled
from the Central Committee and expelled from the party on charges as a "nationalist-double-dealer."
In 1938, he was convicted by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court.
He died in prison in 1938. Was rehabilitated in 1956 by the Supreme Court
of the USSR. Top
reservoir (1700 m). It is located on the Chu River, 28 km from Balykchi,
on the road to Naryn. It was built in 1958. It was designed for seasonal
regulation of river Chu runoff in order to irrigate the land in Chui valley,
220 thousand hectares of Kyrgyzstan and 80 thousand hectares of Kazakhstan.
The water level varies seasonally. The surface area is 24 km² and volume
- 500 million m³. Top
Ortok. A village about 60 kilometers
à North west of Jalalabat, set in one of the densest forest
regions in Kyrgyzstan - surrounded by mountains and mountain
meadows. There is a wide variety of flora - trees, grasses and
other plants - and fauna. About 6 kilometers outside the village
is a cliff with an extensive, labyrinth, cave system. Top
Osh, is one of the oldest cities
in Central Asia. The exact date of its origin is unknown. Legends connect
it’s foundation with the name of Alexander of Macedon, and even the prophet
Solomon (Suleiman). None of the legend does not explain either the fact
of the city or the etymology of its name, but has his evidence of ancient
agricultural activities of the inhabitants of these places.
The history of the city was written 1000 years ago, and archaeological
findings lead to three thousand years ago. The appearance of the city
of Osh is connected with the settlement of ancient farmers of the Bronze
Age, discovered on the southern slope of Mount Suleiman. The development
of the city, which is located in a fertile valley at the foot of the
Pamir and Pamir-Alai, is directly connected with geographic location.
Due to the favorable geographical situation Osh was the point of intersection
of the trade caravan routes of the ancient and medieval India and China
to Europe. It was one of the branches of the Silk Road there - the major
commercial artery of antiquity, connecting the East and West.
Commercial city of Osh was known for its bazaars and caravanserais.
The main Bazaar, located on the left bank of the Ak-Bura river, was
a classic example of the Eastern Market Hall - Tim. More than two millennia,
the main bazaar in Osh has lived their noisy and colorful life, changing
their building and expanding the boundaries, but remained at the same
place chosen in ancient times. Modern Osh Bazaar is the most popular tourist
attraction. The most popular is Artisans street and Fruit orchards. The
city of Osh was one of the Muslim religious centers of Central Asia. This
is mostly due to Sulaiman-Too mountain located in the city and which is
given the power to heal any illnesses of pilgrims according to the legends
and folk traditions.
By the end of the XIX century there were 154 mosques and around
a dozen of madrassas in Osh. A few landmarks have survived. Among them
is Asaf ibn Burhiya (XVII-XVIII centuries.) Rovat mosque Abdullah-Khan
(XVI-XVII centuries), the Mosque of Muhammad Yusuf, Bayhodzhi-Ogly mosque
Alymbek-Datka (XIX cent.) Madrasah Muhamedboy Turk Hal Muratbaev, Hazrat
Muhammad madrassas Damulla Sydyk Akhund Aglam (all XII-XVII centuries.)
Orthodox Church of Archangel Michael (the beginning of the twentieth
century) settlement Ak-Buura, History and local history museums, museum
of local crafts, a memorial complex "Eternal Flame" (1976) with a memorial
"Grieving Mother" (1990), Kyrgyz Drama Theatre, art gallery "Saltanat"
monument of Orozobekova Sultan Ibraimov, Kurmanzhan-Datca, Toktogul Satylganov,
Niyazaly and Moldoniyazu, and, of course, always colorful and noisy
bazaar on river Ak-Buura.
The main attraction is the quadriceps mountain Sulaiman-Too
(Takht-Sulaiman), rising almost in the center. On the southern slope
they have found the remnants of the settlement (XII-VII centuries BC),
which defined the 3000 year age of the city.
Most of the mountain is the part of the National Museum "Silk
Road" and includes Asaf ibn Burhiya, the ruins of baths (XI-XII centuries).
It is a museum under the open sky now, Takht Suleiman mosque and the mosque
Jami Rawat Abdullahan (X-XI cc.). Top
Osmonov Alykul - poet, playwright and interpreter
(1915-1950). He was born in Captal-Aryk village in Panfilov district in
a family of the poor. Losing his parents early, he was raised in Pishpek
and Tokmak orphanages. In 1929-1933, Osmonov studied at the Frunze Pedagogical
University . In 1932-1936, he worked in the offices of the "Chabuul" magazine
and "Leninchil jash" newspaper; and between 1937-1940 as a Secretary of
the Union of Writers in Kyrgyzstan. In the future, he engaged in creative
work. His works have been published since 1930 and therefore, he has published
many books of poetry. He wrote in both Kyrgyz and Russian languages, translated
a lot of stories, poems, legends and fairy tales from Kyrgyz into Russian.
He was awarded the "Order of Honour". He died at the age of 35 from pneumonia.
There is a monument of Osmonov at the front of the National Library in
Bishkek city. In honour of the 75th anniversary of the poet, a museum was
opened in the village where he was born. Osmonov is also represented on
the 200 som banknote. Top
Otunbayeva, Roza Isakovna (August 23, 1950,
Frunze (Bishkek) - politician and diplomat.
She was the third President of Kyrgyzstan. She graduated school in Osh
with a gold medal. In 1972, she graduated from the Philosophy Faculty of
Moscow State University and enrolled in post graduate courses. She trained
in Germany. In 1975, she became a candidate of philosophical sciences after
defending her thesis on "Critique of falsification of Marxist-Lenin dialectics
of the Frankfurt School philosophers" in Moscow. In 1975-1981, she worked
at the Kyrgyz State University (Kyrgyz National University of Zhusup Balasagyn)
as a lecturer, senior lecturer, associate professor, and a head of dialectical
materialism department, in Frunze.
Since 1981, she worked at the Party work.
In 1986-1989, she was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers
of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic, and a Minister of Foreign Affairs.
In 1989-1990, she was an executive secretary of the USSR Commission
for UNESCO, and in 1990-1991, the chairman of the USSR Commission for UNESCO.
In 1991-1992, Otunbaeva operated as an ambassador for Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary of the USSR in Malaysia and Brunei-Darussalam.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, she worked in high-level posts
in Kyrgyzstan. In 1992, she was appointed the first Minister of Foreign
Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic, and in the same year as the U.S. ambassador
of Kyrgyzstan.The following year, she returned to the post of the Foreign
Minister. From 1997, she was an ambassador of Kyrgyzstan in the UK and Ireland.
Since 2002, she was a deputy of special representative of the General Secretary
of UN in Georgia. During this period, she was a special representative of
the UN General Secretary on the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict.
On 13 December, 2004, an opposition movement "Ata-Jurt" was established
in Kyrgyzstan. The organizing committee was headed by the deputy of Kyrgyz
parliament, film-maker, Dooronbek Sadyrbaev and Roza Otunbayeva.
Roza Otunbayeva is considered to be a moderate politician, and has become
popular since the end of 1989. After the Tulip Revolution in March 2005,
which led to the overthrow of the President Askar Akayev and the arrival
of Kurmanbek Bakiyev to the president post, Otunbaeva was again appointed
to the post of Foreign Minister.
From December 2007, she was a Member of Parliament and a member of the
parliamentary faction of the opposition of Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan,
and since October 2009 - the head of the parliamentary faction.
As a result of the 7 April 2010 events, Otunbaeva became the head of
the Provisional Government of Kyrgyzstan. On 19 May, 2010 she was appointed
President of Kyrgyzstan in transitional period by a special decree of temporary
government. According to this decree, the term of office of the President
of Kyrgyzstan in transitional period was set to 31 December, 2011. According
to the results of the referendum, held on 27 June 2010, Otunbaeva was elected
as the President and took an oath on 3 July, 2010.
She speaks Kyrgyz, Russian, English and, to a lesser extent German,
languages. Otunbaeva's Family: she was a second of eight children in the
family of Isaac Otunbayev, the father - a lawyer as well as a member of
the Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, and Saliyka Daniyarova, the mother
who was a teacher. Otunbaeva is divorced and has a daughter, Karach and
a son, Atay. Daughter-in-law is a TV presenter of "Relax" program by Evgeny
Gubin. Otunbaeva's former husband was B. K. Sadybakasov (sources also say
his surname as "Sadykbasov"). Top