The encyclopedia of the tourist
gorge. Not far to the north of Kerben. This is a gorge and fast
flowing river up stream from Kashka-Suu. A road runs along the
gorge to Karabashat village and Saint Padysha-Ata Mazar (VI-VII
centuries). A spectacular area with thick birch groves running along
the course of the river. The valley narrows and the power of the water
increases, turning huge stones loudly, in a white mist of water vapour.
Passing through the gorge the valley widens and the sides are covered
with thick Tien-Shan fir forests. White birches line the banks with
other assorted shrubs. Several tributaries join the main river cascading
through narrow canyons with walls up to 400 m high. After another gorge
the river opens out at 2000 m to flood across a wide meadow with a beautiful
fir grove. Snow fields and a small glacier with three mountain peaks
over 4 km, are seen to the north. Top
Padysha-Ata, mazar (known as 'place
of worship'). It is located on the shores of a mountain river, Padysha-Ata,
in the Aksy district of Jalalabad. The real name of Padysha-Ata is Said
Kamid Dyn Salmani Forsee, who lived in the VI - VII century BC. He came
out of Arabia and preached among the people about the religion of Islam.
His father was an Afghan and an Iranian mother. Here, he replaced Padysha
(or Padysha-Ata) in many battles against the infidels, in one of which
he was fatally wounded and was honorably buried. People consider him sacred
messenger of Muhammad. A stone that had fallen on the grave during the
earthquake in 1948, weighing about one and a half tons, did not damage
the grave, and as it felt it split in two halves. Even now it is located
next to the grave. The cultural image of the holy place was restored in
1998 and now, the grave Padysha-Ata with the stone, are located in a small
mausoleum. The grave is a shrine of Islam and the subject of local pilgrimage.
According to the legend, if you touch the stone at the head of the grave
and make a wish, it will certainly true. Top
the East of Bishkek, archaeologists have discovered the remains
of an ancient settlement dating from the 6th to the 12th century.
Panfilov, Ivan Vasilievich. He was born on
20 December, 1892 in Petrovsk, Saratov province, where he spent his childhood
In 1915, he was called into the imperial army and sent to the Russian-German
front of the World War I. He was a professional soldier. In the royal army,
he was a non-commissioned officer and a sergeant.
After the October Revolution in 1918, he volunteered for the Red Army.
He fought in the Saratov Infantry Regiment of the 25th Chapaev Infantry
Division. He joined the party in 1920 whilst on the front.
With the approaching time of peace, Panfilov studied at the Kiev School
of Infantry, and was then sent to the Central Asian Military District,
where he actively participated in the clashes with the robber bands. In
1938, Panfilov was appointed military commissioner of the Kyrgyz SSR. With
the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (World War II), Panfilov has formed
and led 316th Infantry Division who fought on the outskirts of Moscow. This
division was drawn from a population of Alma-Ata (Almaty) and Frunze (Bishkek).
During the fighting, 16-20 November 1941, soldiers of Panfilov's division
stopped the enemy tanks at the Volokolamsk direction, and became famous
as the heroes of Panfilov. (One platoon for destroying tanks of this division
has been attributed actions, by military journalists, of the whole 1075
Infantry Regiment, in which 28 soldiers reportedly destroyed 18 enemy tanks,
which went down in history as a feat of 28 Panfilov Heroes). Panfilov himself
was killed on 18 November by a fragment to his temple from the live mine
in Gusenevo. He was buried in Moscow's Novodevich Cemetery.
Panfilov was awarded the medal of "XX years of the Workers' and Peasants'
of Red Army", the Order of Lenin, and three Orders of the Red Banner. He
was also awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union (1942, posthumously).
The name of Hero of the Soviet Union of Panfilov has been given to
the street in Bishkek and the park, where his monument is set up. Top
Pobeda, peak ("Victory"
peak, 7439 m). Pobeda peak is the highest mountain in Tien-Shan and is located
on the border of Kyrgyzstan and China. It holds 78th place of the most highest
mountain in the world. It is also the most northerly 7000-metre mountain
in the world. The crest consists of three summits - Western summit (Vazha
Pshavela peak, 6918 m), Eastern summit (7079 m) and the Main summit (7439
m). The most popular route to the Pobeda peak lies through the Northern crest
of Vazha Pshavela peak. Western crest leads to the highest point of the Pobeda
peak, which is sharp, snowy and icy with rock exits of 2-km long.
The massif itself has stretched tens of kilometres, where the west side
is crowned by the Neru peak - 6740 m. To the north from the crest are the
glaciers, Zvezdochka (Little Star) and Dikyi (Wild). From the west - Chinese
The Chinese name of the mountain is Tomur Peak. Originally it was called
Khan-Tengri by the locals but when Semyenov first saw the Kan-Too peak, he
was struck by the distinctive pyramid shape and mistakenly thought that it
was Khan-Tengri. Both mountains were known by the name Khan-Tengri to different
peoples at different times.
Anyway, the matter was settled in 1946, when it was renamed in honours
of the victory at the end of the Second World War, therefore one of the mountains
was named Pobeda (Victory). Top
pier. Nine kilometres outside the town of Karakol is a museum dedicated
to a famous Russian traveller and explorer of Central Asia, N. M. Przhevalsky,
who made an enormous contribution to the study of mountain areas. In 1888,
Przhevalsky contracted typhus and died on the way to his 5th trip and he
was buried on the shore of the Issyk-Kul lake near Karakol.
In the place of his home in the bay of Mikhailovka, there was a memorial
complex-museum with a grave and a monument opened there. The museum was
opened in 1957. The exposition (400 sq.m.) consists of 10 sections dedicated
to the life and work of N. M. Przhevalsky and his associates - P. K. Kozlov,
V. I. Roborovsky and others. The main fund - more than 500 exhibits. The
monument is located near the pier on the bank of the Issyk-Kul lake. Following
a competition of 89 projects, the monument was erected by the sketch of A.
A. Bilderling and I. N. Schroeder. Built in 1893, it was opened on 26 June,
1894 and is the first piece of work in the monumental sculpture in Kyrgyzstan.
It was made of tightly-fitting and filled with lead granodiorite blocks. The
monument is crowned with the figure of a landing bronze eagle (symbol of
mind and courage), the wingspan - 2.5 metres. In the beak, eagle holds an
olive branch (symbol of Sciences), in his claws - there is a half wrapped
bronze map of "Central Asia with the travel routes of the scientist. Below
the eagle is the cross, and under it, is a bas relief of Przhevalsky with
his profile - a big copy of a gold medal, cast by the Russian Academy of Sciences
in 1866 in recognition of the scientific discoveries of the tireless researcher.
Under the bas relief is a brief inscription: "Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky.
The pioneer of nature in Central Asia. Born 31 March, 1839, died 20 October,
1888". From the base to the polished surface, steps with the words are cut
through in the thickness of granite. The height of the monument is 8 metres.
Near the monument is the grave of the traveller, covered with a stone slab.
Pulat-khan (1844-1876). The real name is Is'haq
Hasap uulu, the Kyrgyz from a clan of Boston, a mullah. The leader of the
rebels against the tyranny of Khudoyar-khan in the Kokand Khanate. In 60's
- 70's of the XIX century, uprisings and riots began in the Kokand Khanate.
The hunger in 1870 has worsened the unrest. An aged Khudoyar-khan was under
the attack. Pulat-bek, a grandson of Alim-khan could have replaced him.
A delegation of Kyrgyz elders and rulers of the genus was sent to Pulat-bek
in Samarkand. But he refused their offer.
According to a legend, on their return to Tashkent, the delegation met
a young man resembling an appearance of Pulat-bek. It was a Mullah, Hassan
Is'haq uulu, descended from Boston clan of south-Kyrgyz tribe Ichkilik.
He was quite educated, had experience with people and was different with
his energy and lively mind. After a frank conversation with the Kyrgyz ambassadors,
young man agreed to renounce his name and take on the title of Pulat-khan,
the grandson of Alim-khan. This happened in 1873. The self-named Pulat-khan
was soon raised on the white koshma rug thus claiming lawful rights of the
Khanate ruler. On 9 October 1875, rebel army captured the Kokand. Nasreddin-bek,
the rightful heir to his father, Khudoyar-khan, fled to be under the protection
of Russian troops. Russia sent their own troops into the territory of Kokand
Khanate. Pulat-khan declared a holy war - a war against the infidels. Soon
rebel forces were defeated. The impostor was hanged on the market square
of Marghelan. Top
Pyramidal, peak (5509,9). It is located
on the territory of Batken region in the vicinity of Karavshin. It is pride
of mountaineering and tourism zone. Pyramidal Peak stands out among the other
vertices of the region because the routes laid on it belong to combined category,
whilst all the others belong to rock category.
Fauna of the region includes 40 species of mammals, 250 - birds,
10 - reptiles, and 20 - fish. In the foothills and mid zones, there are
important animals for hunting and fishing purposes, they include ground-hog,
rabbit, muskrat, weasel, fox, wolf, jackal, weasel, weasel, wild boar,
roe deer, badger, marten, pigeons, doves, quail, chil, and pheasants.