Glossary
The encyclopedia of the tourist

P
Padysha-Ata, gorge
Padysha-Ata State Reserve
Padysha-Ata, mazar
Pakap
Panfilov I.V.
Parks Bishkek
Petroglyphs
Pobeda, peak
Pobednaya, cave
Prjevalsk pier
Pulat-khan
Pyramidal, peak



Padysha-Ata, gorge. Not far to the north of Kerben. This is a gorge and fast flowing river up stream from Kashka-Suu. A road runs along the gorge to Karabashat village and Saint Padysha-Ata Mazar (VI-VII centuries). A spectacular area with thick birch groves running along the course of the river. The valley narrows and the power of the water increases, turning huge stones loudly, in a white mist of water vapour. Passing through the gorge the valley widens and the sides are covered with thick Tien-Shan fir forests. White birches line the banks with other assorted shrubs. Several tributaries join the main river cascading through narrow canyons with walls up to 400 m high. After another gorge the river opens out at 2000 m to flood across a wide meadow with a beautiful fir grove. Snow fields and a small glacier with three mountain peaks over 4 km, are seen to the north. Top

Padysha-Ata, mazar (known as 'place of worship'). It is located on the shores of a mountain river, Padysha-Ata, in the Aksy district of Jalalabad. The real name of Padysha-Ata is Said Kamid Dyn Salmani Forsee, who lived in the VI - VII century BC. He came out of Arabia and preached among the people about the religion of Islam. His father was an Afghan and an Iranian mother. Here, he replaced Padysha (or Padysha-Ata) in many battles against the infidels, in one of which he was fatally wounded and was honorably buried. People consider him sacred messenger of Muhammad. A stone that had fallen on the grave during the earthquake in 1948, weighing about one and a half tons, did not damage the grave, and as it felt it split in two halves. Even now it is located next to the grave. The cultural image of the holy place was restored in 1998 and now, the grave Padysha-Ata with the stone, are located in a small mausoleum. The grave is a shrine of Islam and the subject of local pilgrimage. According to the legend, if you touch the stone at the head of the grave and make a wish, it will certainly true. Top

Pakap. To the East of Bishkek, archaeologists have discovered the remains of an ancient settlement dating from the 6th to the 12th century. Top

Panfilov, Ivan Vasilievich. He was born on 20 December, 1892 in Petrovsk, Saratov province, where he spent his childhood and youth.
In 1915, he was called into the imperial army and sent to the Russian-German front of the World War I. He was a professional soldier. In the royal army, he was a non-commissioned officer and a sergeant.
After the October Revolution in 1918, he volunteered for the Red Army. He fought in the Saratov Infantry Regiment of the 25th Chapaev Infantry Division. He joined the party in 1920 whilst on the front.
With the approaching time of peace, Panfilov studied at the Kiev School of Infantry, and was then sent to the Central Asian Military District, where he actively participated in the clashes with the robber bands. In 1938, Panfilov was appointed military commissioner of the Kyrgyz SSR. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (World War II), Panfilov has formed and led 316th Infantry Division who fought on the outskirts of Moscow. This division was drawn from a population of Alma-Ata (Almaty) and Frunze (Bishkek).
During the fighting, 16-20 November 1941, soldiers of Panfilov's division stopped the enemy tanks at the Volokolamsk direction, and became famous as the heroes of Panfilov. (One platoon for destroying tanks of this division has been attributed actions, by military journalists, of the whole 1075 Infantry Regiment, in which 28 soldiers reportedly destroyed 18 enemy tanks, which went down in history as a feat of 28 Panfilov Heroes). Panfilov himself was killed on 18 November by a fragment to his temple from the live mine in Gusenevo. He was buried in Moscow's Novodevich Cemetery.
Panfilov was awarded the medal of "XX years of the Workers' and Peasants' of Red Army", the Order of Lenin, and three Orders of the Red Banner. He was also awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union (1942, posthumously).
The name of Hero of the Soviet Union of Panfilov has been given to the street in Bishkek and the park, where his monument is set up. Top

Pobeda, peak ("Victory" peak, 7439 m). Pobeda peak is the highest mountain in Tien-Shan and is located on the border of Kyrgyzstan and China. It holds 78th place of the most highest mountain in the world. It is also the most northerly 7000-metre mountain in the world. The crest consists of three summits - Western summit (Vazha Pshavela peak, 6918 m), Eastern summit (7079 m) and the Main summit (7439 m). The most popular route to the Pobeda peak lies through the Northern crest of Vazha Pshavela peak. Western crest leads to the highest point of the Pobeda peak, which is sharp, snowy and icy with rock exits of 2-km long.
The massif itself has stretched tens of kilometres, where the west side is crowned by the Neru peak - 6740 m. To the north from the crest are the glaciers, Zvezdochka (Little Star) and Dikyi (Wild). From the west - Chinese land.
The Chinese name of the mountain is Tomur Peak. Originally it was called Khan-Tengri by the locals but when Semyenov first saw the Kan-Too peak, he was struck by the distinctive pyramid shape and mistakenly thought that it was Khan-Tengri. Both mountains were known by the name Khan-Tengri to different peoples at different times.
Anyway, the matter was settled in 1946, when it was renamed in honours of the victory at the end of the Second World War, therefore one of the mountains was named Pobeda (Victory). Top

Przhevalsky pier. Nine kilometres outside the town of Karakol is a museum dedicated to a famous Russian traveller and explorer of Central Asia, N. M. Przhevalsky, who made an enormous contribution to the study of mountain areas. In 1888, Przhevalsky contracted typhus and died on the way to his 5th trip and he was buried on the shore of the Issyk-Kul lake near Karakol.
In the place of his home in the bay of Mikhailovka, there was a memorial complex-museum with a grave and a monument opened there. The museum was opened in 1957. The exposition (400 sq.m.) consists of 10 sections dedicated to the life and work of N. M. Przhevalsky and his associates - P. K. Kozlov, V. I. Roborovsky and others. The main fund - more than 500 exhibits. The monument is located near the pier on the bank of the Issyk-Kul lake. Following a competition of 89 projects, the monument was erected by the sketch of A. A. Bilderling and I. N. Schroeder. Built in 1893, it was opened on 26 June, 1894 and is the first piece of work in the monumental sculpture in Kyrgyzstan. It was made of tightly-fitting and filled with lead granodiorite blocks. The monument is crowned with the figure of a landing bronze eagle (symbol of mind and courage), the wingspan - 2.5 metres. In the beak, eagle holds an olive branch (symbol of Sciences), in his claws - there is a half wrapped bronze map of "Central Asia with the travel routes of the scientist. Below the eagle is the cross, and under it, is a bas relief of Przhevalsky with his profile - a big copy of a gold medal, cast by the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1866 in recognition of the scientific discoveries of the tireless researcher. Under the bas relief is a brief inscription: "Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky. The pioneer of nature in Central Asia. Born 31 March, 1839, died 20 October, 1888". From the base to the polished surface, steps with the words are cut through in the thickness of granite. The height of the monument is 8 metres. Near the monument is the grave of the traveller, covered with a stone slab. Top

Pulat-khan (1844-1876). The real name is Is'haq Hasap uulu, the Kyrgyz from a clan of Boston, a mullah. The leader of the rebels against the tyranny of Khudoyar-khan in the Kokand Khanate. In 60's - 70's of the XIX century, uprisings and riots began in the Kokand Khanate. The hunger in 1870 has worsened the unrest. An aged Khudoyar-khan was under the attack. Pulat-bek, a grandson of Alim-khan could have replaced him. A delegation of Kyrgyz elders and rulers of the genus was sent to Pulat-bek in Samarkand. But he refused their offer.
According to a legend, on their return to Tashkent, the delegation met a young man resembling an appearance of Pulat-bek. It was a Mullah, Hassan Is'haq uulu, descended from Boston clan of south-Kyrgyz tribe Ichkilik. He was quite educated, had experience with people and was different with his energy and lively mind. After a frank conversation with the Kyrgyz ambassadors, young man agreed to renounce his name and take on the title of Pulat-khan, the grandson of Alim-khan. This happened in 1873. The self-named Pulat-khan was soon raised on the white koshma rug thus claiming lawful rights of the Khanate ruler. On 9 October 1875, rebel army captured the Kokand. Nasreddin-bek, the rightful heir to his father, Khudoyar-khan, fled to be under the protection of Russian troops. Russia sent their own troops into the territory of Kokand Khanate. Pulat-khan declared a holy war - a war against the infidels. Soon rebel forces were defeated. The impostor was hanged on the market square of Marghelan. Top


Pyramidal, peak (5509,9). It is located on the territory of Batken region in the vicinity of Karavshin. It is pride of mountaineering and tourism zone. Pyramidal Peak stands out among the other vertices of the region because the routes laid on it belong to combined category, whilst all the others belong to rock category.
Fauna of the region includes 40 species of mammals, 250 - birds, 10 - reptiles, and 20 - fish. In the foothills and mid zones, there are important animals for hunting and fishing purposes, they include ground-hog, rabbit, muskrat, weasel, fox, wolf, jackal, weasel, weasel, wild boar, roe deer, badger, marten, pigeons, doves, quail, chil, and pheasants. Top

Kyrgyzstan travel