The encyclopedia of the tourist
Usubaliev, Turdakun (born
on 1919) - a Soviet politician and statesman, the 1st Secretary of Communist
Party of Kyrgyzstan since 1961; a member of the Central Committee; member
of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR; he was awarded three Orders of Lenin,
Order of the October Revolution, and an Order of the Red Banner as well
as other medals. Top
(IXX century). He is the son of Ormon
Khan. After the death of his father, who sought protection of Russia, Umetaly
migrated to the territory of Kazakhstan, then to Kokand. He addressed the
Xinjiang authorities until circumstances forced him to re-recognise the
citizenship of Russia in autumn 1867. Top
Usukeev, Aidarbek. He was a sculptor, professor,
candidate of Fine Arts and an Honourary Worker of Culture of the Kyrgyz Republic.
He was born on 23 April, 1954 in Komsomolsk village of Kemin region. In 1979,
he graduated from the Frunze Art College and in 1987 from the Moscow State
Art Institute of V. I. Surikov, department of sculpture, and in 1991 - the
Academy of Arts of the Kyrgyz Republic.
From 1979-1981 - Usukeev was a teacher of the Kyrgyz State Art College named
S. A. Chuikov, then a head of the department of easel sculpture of Academy
of Arts of the Kyrgyz Republic. Since 1990 - he was a member of the Union
of Artists of the Kyrgyz Republic. Also, a member of national, international,
art exhibitions and symposiums on sculpture. Usukeev created significant,
characterised by a high content and artistic skill, monumental works.
Monument to the Fallen in Afghanistan. 1997. Aluminium, granite.
Monument to Shabdan Baatyr. 2000. Granite, copper.
Monument to the fallen in WW II. 1999. Concrete.
Ormon Khan. Monument. 2002. Granite, copper.
Uyum-Tash gorge. It is known
that on the way to Sary-Chelek there is an ancient place of condemnation.
Legend has it that if a person who has committed many sins, tried to go
through a narrow passage between two rocks, would get stuck due to the
fact that they are a sinner. An honest person would be unharmed. If someone
was suspected of lying or stealing, they were led to this gorge, and the
fear that people felt, was enough to result in a full confession of the
guilty ones, due to the fear of dying. Top
Uzgen, town, which is situated on the
right bank of the mountain river Kara-Darya (60 km away from Osh), was
founded in the 8-9th centuries. The fourth city according to its size
after Axiket, Kuba and Osh it was a large trade centre on the outskirts
of the state of Samanids. From the second part of the 11th century till
the beginning of the 13th century this mighty fortress, Uzgen, was the
capital of Ferghana apanage of the Karakhanid State. In the 13th century
it was destroyed by Genghis Khan and only the Uzgen Tower (Minaret) and
three mausoleums preserved. Nowadays there are sites of ancient settlement;
the ruins of the citadel and shakhristan (inner city). Uzgen Minaret of
the 10-12th centuries, built near the Muslim mosque, still keeps some remains
of its decoration.
Uzgen mausoleums of the 11-12th centuries, the Northern, Middle
and Southern, were built in the centre of the city not far from each
other. In mausoleums rulers of Karakhanids dynasty are buried. There
is a supposition that in the Middle one, which was built at the beginning
of the 11th century, founder of the Karakhanids dynasty Nasr Ibn Ali
was buried. The latter one - Northern mausoleum was built in 1152-1153
years, there is a remains of Hasan Ibn Husein Ibn Ali in it. Name of a
man that was buried in the third - Southern mausoleum isn't known, but the
carved terracotta keeps the date - 1187 year. Mausoleums are decorated with
the carved polished bricks with belts of aphorisms in kufi writing on the
The monuments of Uzgen are called encyclopedia of the Karakhanids
culture, because one can observe clearly progress stages of an architectural
forms as well as of the decorative art of the 11-12th centuries.
Uzun-Akmat. In the
Uzun-Akmat canyon there is a Forest reserve of 500 hectares,
with a «hunting farm», and several historical monuments. Top