Glossary
The encyclopedia of the tourist

U
Umetaly
Uprising, 1916
Ur-Maral
Usubaliev Turdakun
Usukeev, Aidarbek
Uyum-Tash
Uzgen, town
Uzun-Akmat


Umetaly (IXX century). He is the son of Ormon Khan. After the death of his father, who sought protection of Russia, Umetaly migrated to the territory of Kazakhstan, then to Kokand. He addressed the Xinjiang authorities until circumstances forced him to re-recognise the citizenship of Russia in autumn 1867. Top

Usubaliev, Turdakun (born on 1919) - a Soviet politician and statesman, the 1st Secretary of Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan since 1961; a member of the Central Committee; member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR; he was awarded three Orders of Lenin, Order of the October Revolution, and an Order of the Red Banner as well as other medals. Top

Usukeev, Aidarbek. He was a sculptor, professor, candidate of Fine Arts and an Honourary Worker of Culture of the Kyrgyz Republic. He was born on 23 April, 1954 in Komsomolsk village of Kemin region. In 1979, he graduated from the Frunze Art College and in 1987 from the Moscow State Art Institute of V. I. Surikov, department of sculpture, and in 1991 - the Academy of Arts of the Kyrgyz Republic.
From 1979-1981 - Usukeev was a teacher of the Kyrgyz State Art College named S. A. Chuikov, then a head of the department of easel sculpture of Academy of Arts of the Kyrgyz Republic. Since 1990 -  he was a member of the Union of Artists of the Kyrgyz Republic. Also, a member of national, international, art exhibitions and symposiums on sculpture. Usukeev created significant, characterised by a high content and artistic skill, monumental works.
Monumental sculptures:
Monument to the Fallen in Afghanistan. 1997. Aluminium, granite.
Monument to Shabdan Baatyr. 2000. Granite, copper.
Monument to the fallen in WW II. 1999. Concrete.
Ormon Khan. Monument. 2002. Granite, copper.

Uyum-Tash gorge. It is known that on the way to Sary-Chelek there is an ancient place of condemnation. Legend has it that if a person who has committed many sins, tried to go through a narrow passage between two rocks, would get stuck due to the fact that they are a sinner. An honest person would be unharmed. If someone was suspected of lying or stealing, they were led to this gorge, and the fear that people felt, was enough to result in a full confession of the guilty ones, due to the fear of dying. Top

Uzgen, town, which is situated on the right bank of the mountain river Kara-Darya (60 km away from Osh), was founded in the 8-9th centuries. The fourth city according to its size after Axiket, Kuba and Osh it was a large trade centre on the outskirts of the state of Samanids. From the second part of the 11th century till the beginning of the 13th century this mighty fortress, Uzgen, was the capital of Ferghana apanage of the Karakhanid State. In the 13th century it was destroyed by Genghis Khan and only the Uzgen Tower (Minaret) and three mausoleums preserved. Nowadays there are sites of ancient settlement; the ruins of the citadel and shakhristan (inner city). Uzgen Minaret of the 10-12th centuries, built near the Muslim mosque, still keeps some remains of its decoration.
Uzgen mausoleums of the 11-12th centuries, the Northern, Middle and Southern, were built in the centre of the city not far from each other. In mausoleums rulers of Karakhanids dynasty are buried. There is a supposition that in the Middle one, which was built at the beginning of the 11th century, founder of the Karakhanids dynasty Nasr Ibn Ali was buried. The latter one - Northern mausoleum was built in 1152-1153 years, there is a remains of Hasan Ibn Husein Ibn Ali in it. Name of a man that was buried in the third - Southern mausoleum isn't known, but the carved terracotta keeps the date - 1187 year. Mausoleums are decorated with the carved polished bricks with belts of aphorisms in kufi writing on the portals.
The monuments of Uzgen are called encyclopedia of the Karakhanids culture, because one can observe clearly progress stages of an architectural forms as well as of the decorative art of the 11-12th centuries. Top

Uzun-Akmat. In the Uzun-Akmat canyon there is a Forest reserve of 500 hectares, with a «hunting farm», and several historical monuments. Top

Kyrgyzstan travel