Parks and Gardens of Bishkek  

Parks
Park named after the 125th anniversary of Bishkek city 
Park named after Chingiz Aitmatov (Oak Park)
Victory Park named after D. Asanov 
Park named after Kemal Ataturk 
Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences 
Children's park named after Kychan Dzhakypov 
Dostuk Park 
Youth Park 
Walnut Grove Park 
Park named I. V. Panfilov 
Park of Julius Fučík 

Squares
Revolution Fighters Square 
Square of Heroes of 7 April 
Gorky Square 
Friendship Square 
Station square 
Theatre Square
Togolok Moldo square 
Labour glory square 
Gymnastic Square 
Central Square 
Groves
Karagach Grove 

Boulevards
Young Guard Avenue 
Erkindik avenue 


Park named after the 125th anniversary of Bishkek city. It is located opposite Asanbai district. Its area consists of 4 hectares.
Between 2009 - 2010, a reconstruction of the park took place. New benches and urns were installed, alleys were broken and lined with new setts. New irrigation system and drainage were laid, a colonnade and pop marketplace were built. A fountain was installed in the centre so as new rides. The park has been leased to the SLR "Child Care".  Top

Park named after Chingiz Aitmatov (Oak Park). It was founded in the 1890-1898 for the students of agricultural school under management of botanic, Alexei Fetisov, on an area of ​​2.5 hectares.
Later, the territory of the former church garden was annexed to the park. In 1919, Red Guards have been buried in the park, who died during the suppression of the Belovodsky rebellion. Above the tomb is a monument dedicated to the Red Guards. In November 1957, the monument was reconstructed. Now it is an 11-metre obelisk of polished red granite, complete with a hammer and sickle in a frame of bronze wreath. In 1933, a commander of the first Pishkek Soviet regiment of Y. N. Logvynenko was buried here. In 1970, on the west side of the monument, an eternal flame was opened in memory of those killed in the Great Patriotic War.
In 1935, at the former St. Nicholas Church (the church built in 1884 with donations of Russian merchant Ivanov), a Museum of Fine Arts was opened. Since 1974 - it has been an Exhibition Hall of the Union of Artists of Kyrgyzstan.
In the place of the current Russian drama theatre was "Edison" theatre (built in 1914 with 400 seats, after the revolution, and renamed to "Progress"). In the south-western part of the park was cinema called "Drummer" (the building was demolished in the 60's).
In September 1984, a museum of garden sculpture in the open air was opened in the park (it became a National Museum of Sculpture since 1989). The exhibition basis of the museum consisted of works by members of All-Union symposium of sculptors, held in the city of Frunze.
In 1996, an Alley of Statesmen of Kyrgyzstan of XX century was founded with busts of S. Ibraimov, T. Kulatov, B. Mambetov, I.Razzakov, Abdy Suerkulov.
In 2001, a monument was dedicated to Mukhtar Auezov (1897-1961), who was a Kazakh poet and scholar.
In 2004, a monument was dedicated to Kurmanjan Datka. Earlier in this place, there were monuments dedicated to Lenin (1948-1984), Dzerzhinsky (1987-1999) and Erkindik (1999-2004).
On 10 December, 2008 the Oak Park got renamed after Chingiz Aitmatov.
In 2012, a bust-monument was installed in the name of Maxim Ammosov (1897-1938) - the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Kyrgyzstan.
During the history of the Oak Park, it has decreased almost by half its size.  Top

Victory Park named after D. Asanov (1922-2009, Hero of the Soviet Union). The park is located on the southern gates of Bishkek.
On 1 July 2011, the park opened an "Alley of rescuers" dedicated to the 20th anniversary since the formation of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
On 8 May 2012, a monument to the blockade of Leningrad was installed there.  Top

Park named after Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938 - Ottoman and Turkish reformer, the first president of Turkey). It is located on Ahunbaeva street. It was founded in 1957-1958 as a Botanical Garden of the arboretum. In 1962, the arboretum was transferred to the City Council and in 1967 renamed to the Park of Culture and Rest called "Friendship". Since 1972 - the park had become known as the 50th Anniversary of the USSR. Since 1996, the park was named after Kemal Ataturk. The park covers an area of ​​74 hectares. A portion of the park has two circular centres. Moving away from the circular alleys are diagonal avenues that divide the area into the right triangles. There are about 40 species of trees (including 5 conifers) and 35 species of shrubs in the park. Conifers consist of 35%, and deciduous - 65%. Among them: birch, linden, Biota orientalis, Scotch pine, Bolle poplar and other.
In 1996, a memorial was installed in the park dedicated to soldiers of Afghanistan. A Fountain Alley was opened, which includes 58 fountains and a circular fountain with a diameter of 10 metres. There are also a variety of attractions there.  Top

Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, also known as the Botanical Garden of E. Z. Gareev (located at 1a, Ahunbaev street).
It was created in March 1938 (architects include I. Vyhodtsev, E. Nikitin). In 1964, the Botanical Garden was awarded a status of SRI (Scientific Research Institute - an independent agency specifically created to organise the scientific research and experimental development). There are 4 active laboratories: trees and shrubs, flower-ornamental plants, biology of fruit plants, physiology of plant resistance. There was collected more than 2.5 million species and forms of trees and shrubs, more than 3.5 thousand flower-ornamental, greenhouse, grass and over 8 thousand new forms and varieties of fruit plants. The Botanical Garden ranks 1st for its richness of species composition in Central Asia and a leading position in the CIS. It is a member of the International Association of Botanic Gardens (IABG). There are 80 people, including 24 research fellows that operate in the Botanical Garden.
There is a significant collection fund of the Botanical Garden, where species-and morphogenesis in plants under a separate and spontaneous hybridisation in nature are theoretically substantiated. There are new species identified and described previously unknown to science. An arboretum was for the first time established on the principle of generic systems.
Especially valuable are the trees and shrubs of native flora, among which are unique specimens that are saved only in the Botanical Garden.
Researches are being conducted on rare endangered plants, of both local and district flora. As a result, for the purpose of green construction of the republic, there were about 230 species of trees and shrubs selected for vertical gardening - 15 species of ornamental fast-growing vines.
Each year, greening organisations of the republic receive 50-70 species, varieties and forms of flowering plants in the quantity of 100-200 thousand of planting units and 15-20 kg of seeds. Today the garden covers 124 hectares. The urbanites are allowed to walk only 36 hectares.  Top

Children's park named after Kychan Dzhakypov (located on Abdrakhmanov - Michurin streets). In 1885, a hop plantation was laid by A. M. Fetisov. In 1894, the city manyor, J. F. Terentyev, now owned the area, which he expanded by planting an orchard and a grove.
Between 1933-1934, there were new trees planted, mainly decorative. Alleys have been laid down. The area concluded of ​​8 hectares. The park grows English oak, locust, maple, ash, elm, arborvitae, walnut, etc.
In 1951, a Palace of Pioneers and School Children was built in the park. In the former home of the city mayor was now placed a Children's Library # 7.
In 1963, "Terentyevsky Garden" was named after Kychan Dzhakypov (Kychan Dzhakypov - was a Russian Pavlik Morozov).
In 2000, by the order of the mayor's office, due to lack of funds, the park was transferred to the balance of the Bishkek City Department of Environmental Protection.
In 2011, there was a project of restoration of the Palace of Pioneers and the home of Terentyev, reconstruction of the puppet theatre, building of the museum complex for artistic, historical and ethnographic exhibition.
Currently, the park of Kychan Dzhakypov is a pathetic theme. Trees are cut down, the house is in disrepair condition, the park is under construction. Top

Dostuk Park. The residential area of Ak-Bosogo. It was laid down in 2012. There were 250 seedlings of  ash and maple planted there.  Top

Youth Park. It was founded in 1957 and was titled "40 Years of October". It is located at the intersection of Jibek-Jolu prospect and Mahatma Gandhi street (east of the West Bus Station). The area of ​​the park is 26 hectares. It is a part of Bishkek's association of parks and recreation areas.
In the second half of the 60s, there were three reservoirs set up, lined with willow trees.
In 2012, 400 seedlings of elm, ash, catalpa were planted in the park.
There are also about 30 different species of trees and shrubs. Among the trees are elm, walnut, oak, arborvitae, maple, etc. Shrubs include forsythia, spiraea, lilac and other. Part of the park was given for the mosque. Top

Walnut Grove Park. District 6.  Top

Park named I. V. Panfilov (located at Panfilov - Frunze streets). Between 1879-1880, gardener, A. M. Fetisov (1842-1894), has laid the Kazennyi garden (orchard, fruit and ornamental nursery-garden). In 1883,there were already more than 100 thousand of fruit, ornamental and forest seedlings growing there. In 1889,a school of horticulture for the Kyrgyz children was organised by Fetisov. The garden was an experienced field and a laboratory school.
In the years of 1916-1918 of heavy frost, the garden almost completely frozen off. In 1924-1925, restoration work began. Ornamental trees were planted. In 1926, the Kazennyi garden was renamed to the Red Star. The park area was reduced and the shape represented a five-pointed star. Alleys branching off to the west of the fountain, represented sides of the star. The eastern part of the park facing towards the square was broken in the early 30's.
A children's area with rides was built in the park together with a fountain, a dance pavilion, parachute tower, and sports facilities. In 1940, a summer theatre with 800 seats was built there (architect G. Gradov).
In 1938, the south-western part of the park was passed to the stadium "Spartak".
In 1942, the park was named after I. V. Panfilov. In the same year, it was renovated in connection with the establishment of the monument to General I. V. Panfilov (sculptor O. and A. Manuilovs).
The construction started on the south side of the park, where in 1985 a government building was built - which is now the White House.
The area of the park is ​​7.7 hectares. Plantings include 40 species of woody plants: juniper, arborvitae, fir, elm species and other. At present, the park is leased. Top

Park of Julius Fučík.  It was created in 1938. In 1957, the park was named after Julius Fučík -   Czech folk hero. Julius Fučík (1903-1943) was a journalist, communist, twice visited Kyrgyzstan - in 1930 and 1935. On 10 June 1981, there was a ceremonial laying of the monument dedicated to Julius Fučík.
On 26 July 2008, the park held an inauguration of the Architectural Park Complex called "Kind Angel of Peace".
Currently, the park is divided into sections that are owned by private individuals. Top

Revolution Fighters Square. (It is located on prospect Chui / Tynystanov and Soviet streets).  Top

Square of Heroes of 7 April. It was laid on 7 April 2012 near the Kyrgyz National University (KNU) of Zhusup Balasagyn. There were 100 trees planted in the park in memory of the dead compatriots.  Top

Gorky Square. It is located west of the Palace of Sports named Kojomkul. The square was demolished in 1981. On 20 August 1981, a monument was installed dedicated to the great Russian writer Maxim Gorky. The square was planted with blue and Tien-Shan spruce, birch, rose garden and flower beds.  Top

Friendship Square. In 1974, a monument of Friendship of People was installed in the honour of the 100th anniversary of the entry of Kyrgyzstan to Russia.   Top

Station square. It is located at the forecourt of the square up on Erkindik street. On 25 October 1967, a monument was installed dedicated to Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze (1885-1925).  Top

Theatre Square. It is located between the Fine Arts Museum and the Library of Bayalinov.
In 1996, a monument was installed to akyn Aaly Tokombaev (1904-1988). On 24 September 2012, a bronze monument was installed dedicated to a ballet dancer Cholponbek Bazarbaev (1949-2002).  Top

Togolok Moldo square. It was founded in 1950-51. It has an area of ​​3.7 hectares. It is located within Moscow, Koenkozov and Bokonbaev streets. Strictly geometric layout of alleys divides the square on a number of small sections. In the centre of the intersection of the alleys is a monument dedicated to Togolok Moldo that was installed in 1963. On 17 November 2010, at the intersection of Bokonbaev street and Togolok Moldo street, an Alley of akyns and a monument dedicated to the Kyrgyz akyn Osmonkul Bolobalaev had opened in the square.
There are more than 37 varieties of plants in the square, 40% of which are shrubs. Top

Labour glory square. It is located west of the central square, behind the Historical Museum. It was founded in 1974 for the 50th anniversary of the formation of the Kyrgyz SSR and the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan.  It has an area of ​​0.9 hectares. Types of planting include Crimean pine, Tien Shan spruce, blue spruce, Thuja occidentalis, birch, etc. A monument of Labour Glory was installed in the square as well as the statue of Lenin, which was transferred from the Ala-Too square.  Top

Gymnastic Square. Top

Central Square. It was founded in 1933-38. B. Uitts was the author of the layout. Central Square has an area of ​​2.1 hectares. It is located between Oak Park and Labour Glory Square. The Square has  a rectangle shape, divided into alleys. The composition axis is the broad avenue that runs along the centre to form the orchestra. In 1953, a fountain was built in pink granite of original form in the centre of the Square. In 1957, at the entrance, a monument to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was installed. The Square has more than 50 types of trees and shrubs: Forsythia, Canadian cercidiphyllum, catalpa bignonioides, chestnut, ailanthus, oak, sophora, pine, etc. In 1964-65, the Square was redesigned by the architect named E. Pisarsky.  Top

Karagach Grove. Gardener, A. M. Fetisov, comes to Pishpek from St. Petersburg in 1879. Using the paltry funds allocated by the city government, he creates a grove - about 80,000 seedlings of various species. In 1881, north of the city,  he  lays a grove mostly from karagach (elm) trees on a wetland wasteland.
By 1904, Karagach Grove already occupied 80 tithes (87 hectares). In 1928, 100 trees were cut down for the construction of the railway TURKSIB . In 1931, the Grove occupied an area of 100 hectares . In 1933-34, a picturesque place - Arboretum (20 ha) was created in the felled area. In the north- western part of the Grove - garden -Arboretum of the Department of forest of the Institute of Biology of the Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz SSR ( 9.7 hectares). There is also an arboretum (12 ha) created by the Botanical Garden .
In 1935, Karagach Grove was transferred to the City Council. In the following years, there have been built a stage, dance floor , cinema, fountain, various pavilions, flower gardens, walkways .
Between 1939-1940, on the initiative of the Komsomol, the community built Komsomol lake (water surface area of ​​25.5 sq m ², depth of 1.5-2 m - in the children's sector, 4 m - in the bathing area , 6-8 m - under diving board ) . In 1946-1947, Pioneer lake was built  (water surface area of ​​47.5 sq m ², depth - 1.3 m) . The lakes have beaches and boat stations.
In 1978 - the year of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Frunze city, behind the Great Chu channel on the side of Central grove avenue, a clump of pink granite was established, on which the following was carved : "Karagach Grove was founded in 1881 by botanist A. M. Fetisov".
The Grove had more than 50 species of trees and shrubs. Among them - oak, poplar, walnut, linden, birch, maple, catalpa, arborvitae, juniper, gleditsia and shrubs : jasmine, lilac, cornaceae, cherries, etc. The predominant species is elm . The total area of Karagach Grove is 180 hectares. Top

Young Guard Avenue (from the rail-road to Jibek-Jolu street).
It is formerly known as Wide street and At-Bashi street. Since 1948, Young Guard was classed as a street and in 1960 it became a boulevard. In 1970, the boulevard was renamed to Young Guard Avenue.
In 1940, on several Subbotniks, 1900 trees were planted, 2 thousand honeysuckle bushes, acacia, roses and 25 thousand flower seedlings. There were 58 thousand bushes of live hedges and 400 kg of flower seeds planted. A total of 12 thousand square metres has been landscaped - from the railway line to Dungan street (Kiev street).
In 1951, sowing was carried out up to Lenin street (Jibek-Jolu).
In 1958, a complete construction of carriageways began - paved lanes with a one-way traffic stretched on both sides of the boulevard.
In 1963, a monument to the Komsomol people of the older generation was installed in the centre of the avenue at the intersection of Prospect Chui.
In 1975, a memorial complex named "Avenue of Heroes" was opened, dedicated to the citizens of Kyrgyzstan - Heroes of the Great Patriotic War.
In 1984, monument of the Hero of the Soviet Union pilot T. Begeldinov was moved to Young Guard boulevard (intersection of Moscow street), which used to stand in the square opposite former building of Central Election Commission (which became Historical Museum of the Kyrgyz SSR since 1967).
Now in the green zone grows biota, birch, elm, acacia, ash, oak, honey locust,as well as lilac, forsythia and other. Top

Erkindik avenue ( from the forecourt of the railway square to Jibek-Jolu  avenue). Erkindik - "Freedom". The width of the street including the park area in the centre is more than a hundred metres.
The street was founded in 1883 by A. M. Fetisov as an alley of 2 rows of silver poplar and was called Boulevard .
In 1924, it was renamed to Komsomolskaya street, and in 1927 to Dzerzhinsky street. Since 1970, the street became Dzerzhinsky avenue. Since 1999, it became Erkindik. In 1883, the main part of the street was planted with oak trees and silver poplars.
In 1902, the planting of the trees continued and stretched to Engels street. In the 30's, a piece of land was planted with greenery from Frunze street to Kirov street, and from Engels street to the forecourt of the railway station square.
In the early XX, an "official ditch" was laid along the planted trees in order to water them.
In 1932, the street began to be laid with cobblestones. In 1938, carriageways of the street started to get asphalted.
Later, granite curbs were stacked at the edges. In 1946, shaped posts were installed for lighting, which were replaced in 1978 with new and modern ones.
In the late 50's and 60's, evergreen arborvitae were planted on both sides of the carriageways of the avenue.
On 5 November 1947, a monument-bust dedicated to the Kyrgyz poet and playwright, Djoomart Bokonbaev (1910-1944), was installed at the intersection with Engels street. In 2003, the monument was stolen in order to be sold for non-ferrous metals, it was sawn apart and could not be reconstructed.
On 22 January 1948, a monument dedicated to V. I. Lenin was installed near Oak Park at the intersection with Pushkin street.
In 1984, a new monument was opened dedicated to V. I. Lenin at Ala-Too square and the old one was removed.
In 1987, a monument to F. E. Dzerzhinsky was installed here. In 1999, it was replaced by a monument of Erkindik (Freedom), and in 2004, by a monument dedicated to Kurmanjan Datka.
On 25 October 1967, a monument dedicated to Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze was installed in the park near the railway station square.
In November 1967, a monument-bust dedicated to Alex Illarionovich Ivanitsyn was installed at the intersection with Ivanitsyn street.
In September 1975 , a monument-bust of Twice the Heroes of Socialist Labour dedicated to a collective farmer, Suurakan Kainazarova, was installed just above Chui avenue. Top


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