Chronology of major historical events in Kyrgyzstan


400 thousand years ago
- The most ancient monuments of the Stone Age found in the Tien-Shan
3-rd millennium, the end of 2 millennium, start of BC
- Distribution of copper, bronze within the territory of what is now Kyrgyzstan.
7-5 centuries BC
- Worldwide distribution of iron in Central Asia.
7-8 centuries BC
- Saks tribal alliance in the Tien-Shan.
329 year BC
- Invasion of Central Asia by Alexander the Great.
2 century BC - AD 6 century
- Usun tribal alliance in the Tien-Shan.
AD 5
- Start of Sogdian colonisation of Semirechie.
AD 6-7
- West-Turk Empire.
AD 8-9
- Karluk Khanate.
AD 10-12
- Government of Karakhanids in the Tien-Shan. Construction of Burana tower,
mausoleum of Shah-Fazil and Uzgen architectural complex.
1072-73
- Drafting of "Di-vani lugat at-Turk" - ("Dictionary of Turkic languages")by Mahmud
Kashgari.
1211
- Establishment of power of Mongol-Naiman Khan, Kuchluk, in the Tien-Shan.
1218-19
- Invasion of Genghis Khan hordes and the establishment of Mongol ruling of the
Tien-Shan.
13 century, 2nd half - 14 century, middle
- East-Central Asian government with the administrative and political centre in the
Chu-Ilyi interfluve.
14 century, middle
- Establishment of Mogolistan government.
1370-1430
- The struggle of people against Mogolistan invasion of Timur and the Timurids.
1484-1504
- Ruling of Ahmed Khan in Kyrgyz Ulus - Khanate.
15 century, the end - 16 century, beginning
- Shaping of the Kyrgyz nation.
15 century, the second half - 16 century
- The fight against Kyrgyz Mongols.
1510-24
- Ruling of Emir Mohammed Kyrgyz in the Tien-Shan.
16 century, first half
- The first prose writing stories of epic "Manas" Safe-ad-Din Ahsikenti is in "Madmzhu at-tavarikh" ("Collected Stories").
1635-1755
- The fight of Kyrgyz and Kalmak (Oi-Rat or Jungar) lords.
16 century, the end - 17 century, beginning
- Migration of some Kyrgyz from the Tien-Shan mountains into Pamir-Alai.
1755-58
- The defeat of the Qing Empire by Oirat government in East Turkestan.
18 century, 2nd half
- Return of some Kyrgyz from Pamir-Alai and Eastern Turkestan into Tien-Shan
mountains, settling in the north of Kyrgyzstan.
1762
- Edition of "Topography of Orenburg ..." by P. K. Rychkov, published the first, in Russia, reliable information about Kyrgyz of Tien-Shan. Seizure of the Kokand Khanate in Osh.
1770
- Invasion of Kazakh Khan, Ablai, into northern regions of Kyrgyzstan.
1785-89
- The first Embassy sent to Peterburg from the Kyrgyz, nomads in the eastern part of the Chui Valley and the upper reaches of river Chu, asking for protection of Russia.
1813
- Kyrgyz Embassy of east pre-Issyk-Kul region to the Russian authorities in Tobolsk.
1817-81
- An aggressive campaign of Kokand khans against the Kyrgyz.
1821
- Joint forces of the Kyrgyz of Talas and Kazakhs of Syrdaria against the Kokand Khanate.
1824
- Kyrgyz Embassy of Issyk-Kul basin expressing their desire to Russian authorities of Western Siberia to take Russian citizenship.
1825
- Establishment of Kokand fortress Pishpek in Chui valley.
19 century, the 30s
- Revolt of the Kyrgyz of Naryn against Kokand oppression.
1842-43
- Rise of the number of north-Kyrgyz tribes against Khan's power, the expulsion of Kokand out of their strongholds in the Issyk-Kul region.
1845
- Revolt of the Kyrgyz of Osh against the oppression of the Kokand Khanate.
1847
- Appeal of the Kyrgyz of Chu valley in Central Tien-Shan and Issyk-Kul basin to the
Russian authorities concerned to take them into the citizenship in Russia.
1855, January 17
- Adoption of Russian citizenship by the Kyrgyz of eastern Issyk-Kul basin.
1856-57
- Travels of P. P. Semenov (assisted by Russian Geographical Society) to the lake Issyk-Kul and the Northern Tien-Shan.
1857
- Joint action against Kokand feudal, Kyrgyz and Kazakhs who took Aulie-Ata city (now Jambul).
1858
- Rise of the southern Kyrgyz against the oppression of the Kokand Khanate. They captured Margalan city. Joint action against the oppression of the Kokand khanate, Kazakhs and Kyrgyz on the territory between Tashkent and river Chu.
1860, August-September

- Taking of Kokand fortresses, Tokmak and Pishpek, by Russian troops assisted by the Kyrgyz of Chui.
1862, October 24
- Re-capture of the fortress Pishpek by the Russian troops together with the Kyrgyz troops.
1863, October 18
- Oath of the Kyrgyz of Ak-Sai and Chatyr-Kel for Russian citizenship.
1864, May
- Establishment of Russian fortification of Tokmak.
1864, June-December
- Adoption of Russian citizenship by the Kyrgyz of Chatkal and Naryn. Final affirmation of the authorities of Tsarist Russia in the north of Kyrgyzstan.
1865, February 12
- Establishment of Turkestan region, comprising of the northern part of Kyrgyzstan (in 1867 transformed into Turkestan general-governorship).
1867
- The revolt of the Kyrgyz of Alai against the oppression of Kokand Khanate.
19 century, 60 - 80 years
- Start of resettlement of Russian peasants into Kyrgyzstan and establishing a number of settlements in the Chu and Talas valleys and in the Issyk-Kul region.
1869
- Establishment of Karakol city (11 March, 1889 renamed into Przhevalsk).
1869-70
- V. V. Vereschagin's visit to Kyrgyzstan, who captured the nature of Kyrgyzstan and everyday life of the population in his works.
1871
- Expedition of A. P. Fedchenko to the South of Kyrgyzstan.
1873, January
- Appeal of the southern Kyrgyz to be taken for Russian citizenship.
1876, February 19
- Abolition of the Kokand Khanate and establishment of Fergana region. Southern Kyrgyzstan becomes a part of Russia.
1877, December1883
- Relocation of Dungan and Uighur into Kyrgyzstan.
1878, April 26 - Pishpek village became a city - the centre of Tokmak (later Pishpek).
1898, May 17 - June
- Andijan uprising.
1905
- Action of the Kyrgyz Dyikan against beys, manaps and royal power in several counties in the north of Kyrgyzstan. Miners' strike of Kyzyl-Kiya.
1908-11
- Construction of the narrow-gauge railway lines from Skobelev station (Fergana Valley) to Kyzyl-Kiya and from Dragomirovo station to Sulyukta.
1912, December 12 - Opening of Pishpek men's gymnasium - the first secondary school in Kyrgyzstan.
1915, May
- Commissioning of the railway of Gurunchmazar - Jalal-Abad.
1916, June 25 - Decree of the tsar government to mobilise the rear works of the native residents of Central Asia.
1916, July - October
- National-liberation uprising and its suppression by tsarist troops.
1917, February 27 - February bourgeois-democratic revolution. The overthrow of the tsarist regime.
1917, April 17 - Formation of the joint group of RSDLP in Pishpek.
1917, October 25 (November 7)
- Victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution in Petrograd.
1917, November
- Establishment of Soviet power in Sulyukta and Kyzyl-Kiya.
1918, January
- Establishment of Soviet power in Pishpek.
1918, March 5 - Organisation of the Red Guard battalion in Pishpek, then growing to the 1st Regiment of the Soviet Pishpek.
1918, April 20, May 1 - Proclamation of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic at the 5th Regional Congress of Soviets.
1918, June 17-25
- 1st Congress of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Turkestan.
1918, December 7-28 - Kulak–White Guard revolt of Belovodsk village and its defeat.
1924, October 14 - Formation of the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Region.
1925, May 25 - Rename of the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Region to the Kyrgyz Autonomous Region.
1926, February 1 - Education of the Kyrgyz SSR.
1930
- Adoption of the first Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR 2 Congress of Soviets.
1936, December 5 - Education of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic.
1937, March 23
- Adoption of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR.
1940
- Transition to the Russian alphabet.
1940, May 10 - Beginning of construction of the Big Chui Canal.
1950
- Commissioning of the railway Bystrovka-Rybachie.
1979
- Commissioning of the Toktogul hydroelectric at full capacity.
1989, September 23 - Adoption of the Law of the Kyrgyz SSR "On the state language".
1990, June 4 - Osh events.
1990, October 27 - Election of Askar Akaev to be the President of the Kyrgyz Republic in Jogorku-Kenesh.
1990, December 15 - Adoption by the Parliament of Declaration of Sovereignty of the Kyrgyz Republic.
1991, August 31 - Adoption of the Declaration "On State Independence of the Kyrgyz Republic" in the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic.
1991, October 12 - Election of the first President Askar Akaev of the Kyrgyz Republic in general elections.
1991, December 21 - Entry of the Kyrgyz Republic in the Commonwealth of Independent States.
1992, March 2 - Entry of the Kyrgyz Republic to the United Nations (UN).
1993, May 5 - Adoption of the new Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic.
1993, May 10
- The issuance of the national currency - som.
1995, August 26-30
- Celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the epic "Manas".
1995, December 24 - Election of President Akaev of the Kyrgyz Republic in general elections.
1998, January 22
- The flight into space of the Kyrgyzstan's native, Salizhan Sharipov, in the crew of the American 89th expedition (Space Shuttle).
1999
- Census of the Kyrgyz Republic.
1999-2001
- Fighting in Batken region. Invasion by armed forces of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
2000, October 29 - Election of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Askar Akaev, for a third term.
2001
- Placement of the U.S. air base Manas.
2002
- Aksy events.
2005, March 24 - Tulip Revolution, completion of a 15-year ruling of President Askar Akaev (1990-2005).
2005
- Kurmanbek Bakiyev becomes the President.
2010, April 7 - The overthrow of Bakiyev. Power is transferred to the interim government headed by Roza Otunbayeva.
2011, October 30 - A. Atambaev is elected to be the President.

Kyrgyzstan travel