The climate of Kyrgyzstan is extremely diverse. In some regions it is
sharply continental, in others it is close to marine. This is attributed
to the existence of large lake Issyk-Kul and mountainous landscape. The largest
part of Kyrgyzstan has a temperate climate, while in the South it is sub-tropical.
Annual and daily temperatures are smoothed. There are signs of droughty.
The seasons are clearly expressed. The length of a day in December 9 hours
and in June 15 hours. Precipitation falls down more in mountains and temperatures
there are lower than in valleys.
The non-frozen lake Issyk-Kul makes the temperatures milder in a vicinity
of the lake. In winter it is 3-5° C warmer than in other areas, while in
summer there is no sweltered heat there. In January an average temperature
ranges between -4° C and -9° C while in July it is from + 20° C up to +27°
C in low mountainous regions and the Issyk-Kul.
Absolute low temperatures of air drop in winter down -50° C on the Ak-Sai.
Absolute high temperatures of air reach +43° C - +44° C in Chu Valley and
in the South of Kyrgyzstan.
An average wind velocity is small, 1-3m/sec; however the mountain landscape
and availability of a large area of water of the Issyk-Kul cause numerous
winds. Frequently alongside with alteration of day and night the wind direction
also changes. Intrusion of cold air into the Issyk-Kul hollow is accompanied
with a stormy wind the velocity of which sometimes mounted to 40km/h.
In the valley areas of Kyrgyzstan a total amount of precipitation makes
up 230-500 mm. In the mountainous areas it can reach 1500 mm. In warm seasons
precipitation falls more than in cold ones. The most cloudy sky can be
observed in the end of winter and in the beginning of spring.
A thunder storm is a frequent phenomenon. The largest number of thunder
storms fall in June and July.
The summer in Kyrgyzstan – is the most ideal season for active holidays
on the Nature. In addition to that 300 days in a year are sunny. The summer
temperature of the lake Issyk-Kul reaches up to 25-30° C. Many happy hours
can you spend at the lake swimming, tanning, riding on a boat, reading
books, or playing volley ball and other games.
When it gets too hot near the beach, the freshness of the mountains becomes
the escape for children and adults alike, as the temperatures in the mountains
do not fall lower then 15° C, and during the day it reaches 28° C.