The geographical situation

The largest ranges
The largest glaciers
The largest cave
Major rivers
The largest lakes
The largest reservoir
Kyrgyzstan is a government in north-eastern part of Central Asia. It is located in the Pamir-Alai in the south-west and the Tien-Shan Mountains - in the north-east. It lies between 39° and 43° of north latitude. It shares borders with Kazakhstan (1049 km), Uzbekistan (1378 km), Tajikistan (972 km) and China (1049 km). The greatest distance from west to east is 925 kilometres and from north to south is 454 kilometres. The total length of the border is 4503 kilometres. Territory: 199.9 km² (5,8% - forests, 4.4% - water, 53.3% - agricultural land, 36.5% - other lands). Almost 90% is located above 1500 metres above sea level.

The average height is 2750 metres. The lowest point is 401 metres above sea level. More than 94% of the area is more than 1000 metres, and about 40% more than 3000 meters above sea level. The complex structure of mountain terrain and diversity of ecological conditions caused a wide variety of soil and vegetation and fauna in Kyrgyzstan.

The largest ranges

Name of ridges and peaks
Length of a ridge in km
Width in km
Height (maximum, m)
Average height (m)
Kokshaal (Victory Peak)
582
54
7439
4500
Kyrgyz Ala-Too
454
40
4855
3700
Terskey Ala-Too
354
40
5280
4290
Alai (peak Alai)
350
20
5539
4450
Turkestan (Rocky)
300
30
5621
4430
Kungei Ala-Too
285
32
4771
4200
Talas (peak Manas)
260
40
4488
3930
Chon-Alai (Lenin Peak)
250
40
7134
5460
Chatkal (Aflatun)
225
30
4503
3800
Fergana (Uch-Seyit)
206
62
4940
3620
The highest elevated part of the Republic is on the eastern outskirts. Here, in the mountainous site, bordering with China, are the highest points of the Tien-Shan mountain system - Victory peak (7439 m) and Khan-Tengri peak (6995 m). From here, ridges come out in fan-shaped directions towards the west and south-west, creating a separate branch circuit, extending mainly in the latitudinal direction of 300-400 km. At the extreme southern border of the Republic of Tajikistan with the highest allocated Chon-Alai (Zaalai) range, is the second highest peak in Kyrgyzstan - Lenin Peak (7134 m). Top

The largest glaciers

Names of the glaciers
Location
The names of the rivers originating from the glacier
Length in km
Area in square km
Height of the lowest point, m
South Engilchek
Massif of Khan Tengri
Engilchek
58,9
613,2
2880
North Engilchek
Massif of Khan Tengri
Lake Merzbacher
32,8
202,9
3400
Kaindy
Massif of Khan Tengri
Kaindy
29,0
97,2
3400
Korzhinevskogo Zaalai
Janan Dartak
21,5
89,4
3890
Mushketov
Victory Peak
Adyr Ter
20,5
71,3
3440
Semenov
Victory Peak
Sary Jaz
20,2
64,5
3340
Lenin
Lenin Peak
Achyk Tash
13,5
58,1
3760
Mushketov
Kokshaal Kotur
13,3
23,0 3940
Nalivkina
Kokshaal
Ai Tala
13,2
19,5
3960
Koi-Kap
Massif of Khan Tengri
Terekti
12,9
28,8
3380
Petrova
Ak-Shiyraksky mountain junction

14,0
70,9

Nur
Chon-Alay Range

13,8
54,2

North Kara-Say
Ak-Shiyraksky mountain junction

10,5
46,5

Kyzyl-Suu
Chon-Alay Range

16,9
43,0

Jaman Suu
Ak-Shiyraksky mountain junction

10,4
39,0

Kan Jajloo
Kan Jajloo

13,0
32,0

Kolpakovsky
Terskei Ala-Too

10,0
30,4

Komarova (Ak-Say)
Kokshaalsky ridge

10,7
29,8

Kara Kerme
Kokshaalsky ridge

11,8
27,3

Kaman
Chon-Alay Range

12,0
27,0

Archa-Bashi
Alai Range

10,5
25,4

Abramova
Alai Range

9,0
25,2

There are 8208 glaciers of different sizes in Kyrgyzstan alone. Their total area is 4% of the total area of the country that is 8000 square km. According to research by the Institute, since the 50s of last century to the year of 2000, the area of glaciers has decreased by 20% in Kyrgyzstan. This is mainly reflected in those glaciers that are located in the lower reaches, below 4200-4500 metres. The dramatic melting began in 1972, when the average temperature has increased by 0.6-1ºC. Since that time, the annual unrestored losses account for 0.6 - 0.7 % of the territory of the glaciers. Top

Major rivers
Name of a river
Length in kilometres
Total area of a basin in square km
Naryn
535
58400
Chu
221
15900
Kekemeren
199
10400
Sary-Jaz
198
11400
Kyzyl-Suu (Western)
210
7774
Chatkal
205
5700
At-Bashi
180
5540
Kara-Kulja
172
4420
Kurshab
157
3750
Ak-Sai
124
7220
Tup
120
1180
Talas
102
8258
Jyrgalan
97
2070

All in all, there are over 40 thousand rivers and streams. All of them are characterised by great slopes, aquifers and non-freezing in the winter because of the rapid current. Their total length is about 150 thousand kilometres. Annual run off is 47 cubic km. Water resources of Kyrgyzstan are one of the main national wealth aspects, which plays a crucial role in human life, formation of the animal and plant world, development of productive forces, not only in our country, but also some areas of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and China. With a total run off, a wet year of 57.3 billion cubic metres, gives an outflow from the republic of approximately 45 billion cubic metres, or 78%. In this case, the total volume of freshwater consumption in the country consumed for irrigation is almost 89%, in the industry it is more than 6%, the domestic sector - approx. 3%, and the rest - in other economic activities. Top

The largest lakes
The name of the lake
Altitude
Surface area (sq. km)
The volume of water (km³)
The maximum depth, m
Issyk-Kul
1606
6236
1738
668
Son-Kul
3016
275
2,82
15,1
Chatyr-Kul
3530
175
1,37
16,8
Sary-Chelek
1874
4,9
0,48
234
Kel-Suu
3514
4,5
0,338
-
Kara-Suu
2022
4,2
0,22
150
Merzbacher
3304
4,5
0,16
-
Kulun
2861
3,3
0,12
91
Kel Ukek
3048
1,6
0,03
55
Ai-Kel
2937
1,0
0,057
-
Kara-Toko
2876
1,1
49
-
Besh-Tash
2997
0,5
0,005
28
There are 1923 lakes with total area of mirror of 6836 square kilometres. Lake area is 3.4%. Only 16 lakes are larger than 1 square kilometre, 84% of the lakes are located in the mountainous area between 3000-4000 metres above sea level. Lakes are primarily located in the area of Lake Highlands - 3-4 thousand metres above sea level. Top

The largest reservoir
Reservoir
Year
River
The volume of water, m³
Mirror area, km²
Max. Height (m)
Max. Depth (m)
Toktogul
1974
Naryn
18.195.000
284,3
215
180
Kara-Buura (Kirov)
1975
Talas
550
26.5
84
7
Orto-Tokoi
1956
Chu
4700
26
52

Kurpsai
1981
Naryn
370
12,2
113

Papan
1980
Ak-Bura
260
7.1
120

Tort-Kul
1971
Isfana
90
6.6
34

Uch-Korgon
1964
Naryn
52.5
4
31

Naiman
1968
Abshir-Sai
40
3.2
40.5

Ala-Archa
1968
Ala-Archa
39
5.21
22

Bazar-Korgon

1962
Kara Unkur
Temtek Sai
30
2.8
25

Sokuluk
1968
Sokuluk
11.5
1.77
28


A considerable amount of water is concentrated in lakes, small ponds, reservoirs. Their total area is 6836 km².  Top

Kyrgyzstan travel