State system of Kyrgyzstan
The political system of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is an independent, secular, democratic and legal state. The political
system is defined by the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, which was adopted
on 27 June 2010. The new constitution defines the state form of governing
as parliamentary republic. Parliament and the Prime Minister have much more
power and authority than the President.
Legislative power is exercised by the Parliament - Jogorku-Kenesh. The parliament
of Jogorku-Kenesh is unicameral and consists of 120 members, elected for five
years by party lists. The parliament of Kyrgyzstan has priority in important
Executive power in the Kyrgyz Republic is represented by the Government,
its subordinate ministries, state committees, administrative departments and
The government is the highest executive body of the Kyrgyz Republic. The
government is headed by the Prime Minister. The Government consists of the
Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, ministers and chairmen of state committees.
The structure of the government includes ministries and state committees.
Head of the Government is Prime Minister, appointed by the Parliament at
the proposal of the parliamentary faction of the majority (members of the
political party which won more than 50 percent of the seats).
The president is elected by popular vote to serve six years, without the
right to a second term. One and the same person can not be elected President
The judicial system of the Kyrgyz Republic is established by the Constitution
and laws and it consists of the Supreme Court and local courts. Judicial power
is exercised by means of constitutional, civil, criminal, administrative,
and other forms of proceeding. The Supreme Court is a constitutional chamber.
The law may establish specialised courts. The creation of extraordinary courts
The republic of Kyrgyzstan includes 7 regions (Chui, Issyk-Kul, Talas, Naryn,
Jalal-Abad, Osh, Batken) and 40 administrative districts.